Good afternoon President
Francis, the Board of Trustees, faculty, parents, family, friends,
and the Class of 2006.
I want to start by thanking
you all for allowing me to share in your miracle today. Over the
past year there has been no shortage of doubts about whether this
college would live to see another commencement - and doubts remain
still about the future of this great city. But on this summer's
day in New Orleans, less than one year after the worst storm in
American history beat down your door, I look out at the largest
class to ever graduate from this college and know that one thing
is certain - Xavier University is back.
I have to say that I'm
pretty humbled to be here. Each year there are hundreds of commencements
in this country. All are hopeful, some are inspiring, and most of
you probably won't even remember who your speaker was ten years
from now. As a rule, they usually involve an old guy like me giving
young folks like you advice about what to expect in the real world
- advice about the challenges you'll face and the obstacles you'll
have to overcome.
But this is different.
In the last month, I have walked among New Orleans' battered homes
and empty streets and scattered debris that prove armies aren't
the only ones who can wage wars on cities. I have seen pictures
of Xavier after the storm - the submerged classrooms and the shattered
windows and the dorm rooms that were left with books sitting open
on desks and clothes still unpacked on the bed. And I have heard
the story of nearly 400 students and faculty who were trapped on
campus in the days after Katrina - waiting on the roof to be rescued
with a sign that simply read "Help Us."
And as I thought about
all of this, it dawned on me that when it comes to giving advice
about challenges and obstacles, it's you who could probably teach
the rest of us a thing or two about what it takes to overcome.
I could give you a lecture
on courage, but some of you know what it is to wait huddled in the
dark without electricity or running water, wondering if a helicopter
or boat will come for you before the gunshots get closer or the
food runs out or the waters rise.
I could talk at length
about perseverance, but this is a class that was forced to scatter
to schools across the country at the beginning of your senior year,
leaving everything you knew behind while you waited to find out
if you could ever come back.
And I could go on and on
about the importance of community - about what it means to care
for each other - but this is a school where so many sacrificed so
much in order to open your doors in January; a triumph that showed
the rest of America that there are those who refuse to desert this
city and its people no matter what.
Yours has been an education
that cannot simply be measured in the tests you've taken or the
diploma you're about to receive. For it has also been an education
in humanity, brought about by a force of nature - a lesson in both
our capacity for good and in the imperfections of man; in our ability
to rise to great challenges and our tendency to sometimes fall short
of our obligations to one another.
Some will take an entire
lifetime to experience these lessons - others never will. But as
some of Katrina's youngest survivors, you've had a front row seat.
So what does this mean
Well, lessons can be just
as easily unlearned as they are learned. Time may heal, but it can
also cloud the memory and remove us further from that initial core
And so what this all means
is that today and every day, you have a responsibility to remember
what happened here in New Orleans. To make it a part of who you
are. To let its lessons guide you as face your own challenges.
After all, Katrina may
well be the most dramatic test you face in life, but it will by
no means be the last. There will be quiet tests of character - the
shoulder you lend a friend during their time of need; the way you
raise your children; the care you give a loved one who's sick or
dying; the integrity and honesty with which you carry yourself.
There will be powerful
personal tests - the profession you choose, the legacy you leave,
your ability to handle failure and disappointment.
And of course, there are
the tests you will face as citizen - whether you use your voice
to rage against injustice; whether you use your time to give back
to your community; whether you use your passion to commit yourself
to a cause larger than yourself.
In most of these tests, there are two different paths you can take.
One is easy. After graduating
from a great school like Xavier, you'll pretty much be able to punch
your own ticket - which means you can take your diploma, walk off
this stage, leave this city, and go chasing after the big house
and the large salary and the nice suits and all the other things
that our money culture says you should buy.
You can live in neighborhoods
with people who are exactly like yourself, and send your kids to
the same schools, and narrow your concerns to what's going in your
own little circle.
And when you turn on the
TV or open the newspaper and hear about all the trouble in the world,
there will be pundits and politicians who'll tell you that it's
someone else's fault and someone else's problem to fix.
They'll tell you that the
Americans who sleep in the streets and beg for food got there because
they're all lazy or weak of spirit. That the immigrants who risk
their lives to cross a desert have nothing to contribute to this
country and no desire to embrace our ideals. That the inner-city
children who are trapped in dilapidated schools can't learn and
won't learn and so we should just give up on them entirely. That
the innocent people being slaughtered and expelled from their homes
in Darfur are somebody else's problem to take care of.
And when you hear all this,
the easiest thing in the world will be to do nothing at all. To
turn off the TV, put down the paper, and walk away from the stories
about Iraq or poverty or violence or joblessness or hopelessness.
To go about your busy lives - to remain detached; to remain indifferent;
to remain safe.
But if you should ever
think about taking this path, I ask you first to remember.
Remember witnessing the
pain that neglect and indifference can cause - how entire neighborhoods
in this city were left to drown because no one thought to make sure
that every person had the means to escape. Remember what happens
when responsibilities are ignored and bucks are passed - when the
White House blames FEMA and FEMA blames the state of Louisiana and
pretty soon no one's fixing the problem because everyone thought
somebody else would. And whenever you're tempted to view the poor
or the ill or the persecuted as "those people" - people
in their own world with their own problems - remember always your
neighbors in places like the 9th ward; men and women and children
who, just like you, wanted desperately to escape to somewhere better.
And if you remember all
of this - if you remember what happened here in New Orleans - if
you allow it to change you forever - know that there is another
path you can take.
This one is more difficult.
It asks more of you. It asks you to leave here and not just pursue
your own individual dreams, but to help perfect our collective dream
as a nation. It asks you to realize there is more to life than being
rich, thin, young, famous, safe, and entertained. It asks you to
recognize that there are people out there who need you.
You know, there's a lot
of talk in this country about the federal deficit. But I think we
should talk more about our empathy deficit - the ability to put
ourselves in someone else's shoes; to see the world through the
eyes of those who are different from us - the child who's hungry,
the steelworker who's been laid-off, the family who lost the entire
life they built together when the storm came to town.
When you think like this
- when you choose to broaden your ambit of concern and empathize
with the plight of others, whether they are close friends or distant
strangers - it becomes harder not to act; harder not to help.
For each of you, this desire
to do for others and serve your communities will come even easier
if you allow yourself to remember what you saw here in New Orleans.
Because aside from all
the bad that came from Katrina - the failures and the neglect, the
incompetence and the apathy - you were also witness to a good that
many forgot was even possible.
You saw people from every
corner of this country drop what they were doing, leave their homes,
and come to New Orleans - Americans who didn't know a soul in the
entire city who found their own piece of driftwood, built their
own make-shift raft, and waded through the streets of this city,
saving anyone they could. You saw the doctors and the nurses who
refused to leave their city and their patients even when they were
told time and again by local officials that it was no longer safe
- even when helicopters were waiting to take them away. Men and
women who stayed to care for the sick and dying long after their
medical equipment and electricity were gone.
And after the storm had
passed, you saw a spirit of generosity that spanned an entire globe,
with billions upon billions in donations coming from tiny, far-off
nations like Qatar and Sri Lanka. Think about that. These are places
a lot of folks couldn't even identify on a map. Sri Lanka was still
recovering from the devastation caused by last year's Tsunami. And
yet, they heard about our tragedy, and they gave.
Remember always this goodness.
Remember always that while many in Washington and on all levels
of government failed New Orleans, there were plenty of ordinary
people who displayed extraordinary humanity during this city's hour
In the years to come, return
this favor to those who are forced to weather their own storms -
be it the loss of a job or a slide into poverty; an unexpected illness
or an unforeseen eviction. And in returning these favors, seek also
to make this a nation of no more Katrinas. Make this a nation where
we never again leave behind any American by ensuring that every
American has a job that can support a family and health care in
case they get sick and a good education for their child and a secure
retirement they can count on. Make this a nation where we are never
again caught unprepared to meet the challenges of our time - where
we free ourselves from a dependence on oil and protect our cities
from both forces of terror and nature.
Make this a nation that
is worthy of the sacrifices of so many of its citizens, and in doing
so, make real the observation made by a visitor to our country so
many centuries ago: "America is great because Americans are
I ask you to take this
second path - this harder path - not because you have an obligation
to those who are less fortunate, although you do have that obligation.
Not because you have a debt to all of those who helped you get to
where you are, although you do have that debt.
I ask you to take it because
you have an obligation to yourself. Because our individual salvation
depends on our collective salvation. And because it's only when
you hitch your wagon to something larger than yourself that you
will realize your true potential.
It is said that faith is
a belief in things not seen, and miracles, by their nature, are
inexplicable gifts from God.
But sometimes, if we look
hard enough at the moments we triumph against the greatest of odds,
we can see His will at work in the people He loves.
It's now well-known in
this community that when your President, Norman Francis, promised
to re-open this school by January, he joked that his decision would
be recorded by history as either "crazy and stupid" or
"bold and visionary."
And when I heard that,
I wondered where you find the courage to make such a crazy, visionary
promise - and where you find the commitment to keep it.
And I thought, Norman Francis
is someone who remembers - remembers where he came from, remembers
the lessons he learned, remembers the opportunities he's had, and
lives his life according to those memories.
Born in Lafayette before
Civil Rights and Voting Rights were even a possibility, this is
a man who was raised in poverty, earning extra money for his parents
as a child by shining shoes. He studied hard through high school,
put himself through Xavier by working long hours in the library,
and became the first ever African American to be accepted into Loyola's
He graduated that law school
and could've gone anywhere and made any amount of money - but Norman
Francis wanted to help people learn because he remembered all the
people who helped him.
And so he came back to
Xavier, and he worked his way up through the ranks, and he became
the first ever African-American president of this school at just
thirty-six years old.
Since that day he has had
many accolades and many chances to do whatever he wished with his
life. He has been an advisor to four U.S. Presidents, served on
a commission to the Vatican, and as President of the United Negro
But through all of this,
he decided to stay here in New Orleans, and build this university.
And so when Katrina tried
to tear it down, you can understand why he refused to let that happen
- why he put aside tending to the damage in his own house so that
he could work on rebuilding this one - why he believed more than
anything in his promise that these doors would open in January.
Norman Francis has helped
make today's miracle because he has seen miracles at work in his
own life. Now that you have seen one in yours, it's your turn to
live a life committed to others, devoted to the impossible, and
ever aware of the lessons you learned in New Orleans.
I've noticed that in the
rebuilding effort throughout this city, one of the last things to
come back, and yet the easiest to notice, is the greenery that makes
any community seem alive. And as I saw a newly planted tree on my
last trip here, I thought of a passage from the book of Job:
"There is hope for
a tree if it be cut down that it will sprout again, and that its
tender branch will not cease."
Katrina was not the end
of the tough times for New Orleans, and you will continue to face
your own tests and challenges in the years to come. But if someone
were to ask me how the tree stands on this August day, I would tell
them that the seeds have sprouted, the roots are strong, and I just
saw more than 500 branches that are ready to grow again. Congratulations
on your graduation.